Doug Engelbart, born on January 30, 1925, in Portland, Oregon, was an American inventor whose groundbreaking work in the field of computer technology revolutionized the way we interact with computers. Engelbart's contributions include the invention of the computer mouse, the development of the graphical user interface (GUI), and the concept of groupware. His visionary ideas and inventions have had a lasting impact on the world of computing.
Early Life and Education
Engelbart grew up on a farm near Portland and developed a passion for technology from a young age. After serving as a radar technician for the U.S. Navy during World War II, he pursued a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering at Oregon State University. It was during his time at university that Engelbart became dissatisfied with his job and had a life-changing inspiration.
His dream was to use computers to connect individuals in a network, allowing them to share and update information in real-time. Combining this idea with his experience interpreting radar displays and inspiration from an article by Vannevar Bush, Engelbart envisioned networked computers with a graphical user interface. He completed his doctorate in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1955 and joined the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Menlo Park, California.
The Invention of the Computer Mouse
One of Engelbart's most significant inventions was the computer mouse. In 1963–64, as part of an experiment to find a better way to point and click on a display screen, he invented the first computer mouse. The original mouse had a carved wood casing and a single button. Engelbart later developed a model with three buttons, and he would have included more if space allowed.
Engelbart's invention of the mouse was a game-changer in computer technology. Prior to its invention, controlling computers required laborious and error-prone methods such as keypunch cards or manually set electronic switches. Engelbart's mouse made it possible for ordinary people to interact with computers more intuitively and efficiently.Optimize hp laptop performance: remove bloatware for windows 10
The Augmentation Research Center and NLS
In 1963, SRI partially funded Engelbart's research laboratory, the Augmentation Research Center. It was here that he worked on inventing and perfecting various devices for inputting, manipulating, and displaying data. Alongside the mouse, Engelbart also developed the multiple-window display and hypermedia, which allows the linking of texts, images, video, and sound files within a single document.
Engelbart's laboratory became the second site on the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) in 1967, the precursor to the Internet. On December 9, 1968, Engelbart demonstrated his real-time collaborative computer system, known as NLS (oN-Line System), at a computer conference in San Francisco. This historic event showcased the power of interactive computing and included the first public computer video conference.
Despite budget cuts at SRI, Engelbart continued his research and made significant advancements in input and display devices, as well as the graphical user interface. However, most of his research staff eventually left for other institutions, such as Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Center.
Recognition and Legacy
In 1977, SRI sold Engelbart's NLS groupware system to Tymshare, Incorporated, a telephone networking company. Engelbart joined Tymshare and continued his work on information systems. He later founded the Bootstrap Institute in 1989, a research and consulting firm.Closing the digital divide: bridging baltimore's gap with hewlett packard
It wasn't until the following decade that Engelbart began receiving recognition for his innovations. In 1997, he was awarded the A.M. Turing Award, the highest honor in computer science, for his inspiring vision of the future of interactive computing and the invention of key technologies to realize this vision.
Doug Engelbart's contributions to the field of computer technology have had a profound and lasting impact. His invention of the computer mouse and development of the graphical user interface paved the way for the modern computing experience we have today. Engelbart's visionary ideas and commitment to advancing human-computer interaction have left an indelible mark on the world of technology.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Who invented the first computer mouse in the 60s?
- Who holds the patent for the computer mouse?
The first computer mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart in the early 1960s. Engelbart, along with his colleague Bill English, developed the prototype of the mouse in 196
Douglas Engelbart is named as the inventor on the basic patent for the computer mouse. The patent was filed in 1967 and issued in 1970.
In conclusion, Doug Engelbart's contributions to the field of computer technology, particularly his invention of the computer mouse and development of the graphical user interface, have shaped the way we interact with computers. His visionary ideas and innovations continue to inspire and drive advancements in the world of technology.Eds: a legacy of innovation & loyalty